Applied behavior analysis

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvement in behavior (1) 

 

Key Foundations of Behavior

  1. A behavior is anything that can be observed.

  2. All behavior is learned and can be shaped. 

How does it work? 

CGC’s team of ABA professionals offer individualized, in home education and therapy to children with special learning needs. We assess each child based upon measurable and observable behaviors. Then, working with the family we set individualized and measurable goals. Those goals drive our ongoing programming while we observe, monitor and adjust programming as progress is made. 

Areas that may be addressed include but are not limited to: learning readiness skills, academics, functional communication, play and social skills, problematic behaviors that interfere with learning or social skills, and toilet training. Programs can also include Positive Behavior Supports to help with non-compliance, repetitive behaviors, difficulty with waiting, difficulty with transitions, eloping (leaving a designated and safe location) and aggression with self, others, and/or property.

Types of Behavior Change

Focused ABA programs can help to positively alter behavior in a variety of ways: 

  1. Increase the frequency of a desired, socially significant behavior;
  2. Teach a new skill;
  3. Help to Maintain a skill; 
  4. Generalize or transfer behavior from one situation or response to another; 
  5. Reduce challenging behaviors. 

Socially significant

It is ethically imperative that behaviors targeted have social significance. A behavior is socially significant when they are important to the individual and/or caregivers, are age appropriate for the individual, and it produces long lasting change. 

Examples of socially significant behavior: learning readiness skills, functional communication, social skills, academics, adaptive living skills such as gross and fine motor skills, toileting, dressing, eating, and personal self-care.

Our Code of Ethics

All of Common Ground Cooperative's ABA Staff hold up to date, registered credentials and receive support and supervision.  We abide by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board's Professional and Ethical Compliance Code. 

References

(1) Baer, Wolf & Risley, 1968; Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayer, 1991